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Polyamines: participation in cellular signaling and plant adaptation to the action of abiotic stressors

Kolupaev Yu.E., Kokorev A.I., Dmitriev A.P.


SUMMARY. Polyamines (PA) are aliphatic amines found in all cells, including plant cells. The most common PAs of higher plants are putrescine, spermidine and spermine. PAs are localized in cell walls, vacuoles, mitochondria, chloroplasts and nucleus. PA content in plant tissue significantly increases under adverse conditions. These compounds are considered as typical stress metabo-lites. They are involved in the stabilization of bio-macromolecules and membrane structures. At the same time, in recent years, PA functions under stress conditions have been considered in the context of their involvement in cellular signaling processes. The review provides up-to-date information on the synthesis and catabolism of PA. The processes of formation of hydrogen peroxide from PA, which plays the role of one of the key signaling molecules are considered. The probable synthesis of nitric oxide during oxidative degradation of PA is discussed. Information on the effect of PA on the calcium homeostasis of plant cells, the participation of PA in the regulation of ionic, including calcium, channels is presented. The gasotransmitter hydrogen sulfide is considered as one of the mediators in the implementation of the effects of PA. The paper summarizes the role of the PA in maintaining the redox balance in plant cells, their involvement in the regulation of gene expression of stress proteins, state stomatal apparatus and other processes related to adaptation to the adverse environmental factors.

Key words: polyamines, signaling mediators, reactive oxygen species, nitric oxide, calcium, antioxidant system, stomata, stressors, resistance

Tsitologiya i Genetika 2022, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 49-67

  1. Dokuchaev Kharkiv National Agrarian University, p/o Dokuchaevske-2, 62483, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  2. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Svobody sq., 4, 61022, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  3. Institute of Cellular Biology and Genetic Engineering of NAS of Ukraine, Academic Zabolotniy St., 148, 03143, Kyiv, Ukraine

E-mail: plant_biology, dmitriev.ap

Kolupaev Yu.E., Kokorev A.I., Dmitriev A.P. Polyamines: participation in cellular signaling and plant adaptation to the action of abiotic stressors, Tsitol Genet., 2022, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 49-67.

In "Cytology and Genetics":
Yu. E. Kolupaev, A. I. Kokorev & A. P. Dmitriev Polyamines: Involvement in Cellular Signaling and Plant Adaptation to the Effect of Abiotic Stressors, Cytol Genet., 2022, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 148163
DOI: 10.3103/S0095452722020062


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