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Cellular biological and molecular genetic effects of carbon nanomaterials in plant

Prylutska S.V., Franskevych D.V., Yemets A.I.


SUMMARY. Current research data on the biological effects of carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) such as 60 fullerene, graphene, graphene oxide, single- and multi-walled nanotubes, in in vitro and in vivo plant systems are summarized. The interaction of CNPs with plant cells/organisms, their intracellular localization, and potential mechanisms of action are analyzed. It was found that CNPs improve seed germination, growth of roots and shoots, increase the biomass of different species of monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants. The negative effect of CNPs on plant growth and development is observed only at high concentrations, depending on the type of CNPs and the peculiarities of exposure conditions. Due to nanoscale and hydrophobic properties, CNPs are able to penetrate plant cells in both energy-dependent and energy-independent ways, accumulating mainly in plastids, vacuoles, and nuclei, which determines the protective and target action of CNPs. The protective mechanisms of CNPs are based on the antioxidant properties of carbon molecules and are accompanied by changes in the expression of genes that are responsible, in particular, for cellular processes, metabolic processes, and the response to abiotic factors. The positive effect of CNPs on plant productivity, resistance to oxidative stress, as well as their high efficiency at low concentrations and environmental safety indicate the prospect of their use as regulators of physiological conditions, growth and development of higher plants.

Key words: fullerene, graphene, graphene oxide, single- and multi-walled nanotubes, higher plants, algae, phytotoxicity

Tsitologiya i Genetika 2022, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 48-59

  1. National University of Life and Environmental Science of Ukraine, 03041, Ukraine, Kyiv, 15 Heroiv Oborony Str.
  2. Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, 01601 Kyiv, Ukraine, 64 Volodymyrska Str.
  3. Institute of Food Biotechnology and Genomics, NAS of Ukraine 04123, Ukraine, Kyiv, 2 Osypovskogo Str.

E-mail: psvit_1977, dashaqq, yemets.alla

Prylutska S.V., Franskevych D.V., Yemets A.I. Cellular biological and molecular genetic effects of carbon nanomaterials in plant, Tsitol Genet., 2022, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 48-59.

In "Cytology and Genetics":
S. V. Prylutska, D. V. Franskevych & A. I. Yemets Cellular Biological and Molecular Genetic Effects of Carbon Nanomaterials in Plants, Cytol Genet., 2022, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 351360
DOI: 10.3103/S0095452722040077


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