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Chromosomal abnormalities in patients with infertility
SUMMARY. To assess the frequency and structure of chromosomal abnormalities in patients with infertility, a retrospective analysis of cytogenetic studies of 3414 patients (1741 females and 1673 males), referred to the Clinic of reproductive medicine «Nadiya» from 2007 to 2012, was performed. Chromosomal abnormalities were detected in 2.37 % patients: 2.79 % in males and 1.95 % in females. Balanced structural chromosomal abnormalities prevailed over numerical abnormalities and corresponded to 80.2 % of all chromosomal abnormalities detected in the studied group. Sex chromosome abnormalities made up 23.5 % of chromosomal pathology (19/81) and included gonosomal aneuploidies in 84 % of cases (16/19) and structural abnormalities of chromosome Y in 16 % of cases (3/19). The low level sex chromosome mosaicism was detected with the frequency of 0.55 %. Our results highlight the importance of cytogenetic studies in patients seeking infertility treatment by assisted reproductive technologies, since an abnormal finding not only provide a firm diagnosis to couples with infertility, but also influences significantly the approach to infertility treatment in such patients.
Key words: infertility, chromosomal abnormalities
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