SUMMARY. The dose dependencies of the aberrant anaphases frequency in the root meristem in 48 hours after irradiation in the range of doses of 4–10 Gy is characterized by threshold and plateau at 33 % aberrant anaphase. The plateau indicates the activation of the recovery processes. Topology of cell rows in the primary meristem of the dose to 8 Gy are conserved and recovered damages. New cell rows are formed by local cell pools in the distal meristem, pericycle cells and subepidermy. It grows by intrusive character displacing the rows of damaged cells. Apparently the competition between clones of normal and aberrant cells plays the primary role in the mechanisms of recovery. Resulting to competition the promotion of aberrant cells to the extension zone is slowed down or blocked. So critical level of damage of the root apical meristem was defined about 50 % of aberrant anaphase. Exceeding of this level leads to lethal consequence for meristem and it is accompanied by the inclusion of more radical process of restoration through regeneration. Regeneration leads to complete replacement of the apex tissues including the extension zone.