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Critical level of radiation damage of root apical meristem and mechanisms for its recovery in Pisum sativum L.
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The dose dependencies of growth and cytogenetical values have been built to determine the critical level of root apical meristem damage induced by cute irradiation in the range from 2 to 20 Gr. We have analyzed the frequencies of aberrant anaphases and the aberration distribution per cell, on the one hand, and the growth of biomass, the survival and regeneration of the root meristem, on the other hand. The critical level of damage to the stem apical meristem and root of seedlings was defined as 44–48 % of aberrant anaphase. Exceeding of this level leads to the launch of suicidal program through induction of multiaberrant damages and interphase cell death. It appears that competition of clones of non-aberrant cells, the cells bearing 1 and 2 damages and multiaberrant cells plays the primary role in the mechanisms of recovery. The regeneration provides full or partial restoration of the main root apical meristem. However these local processes are insufficient to restore morphogenesis and survival of seedlings in excess of the critical level damage.
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