TSitologiya i Genetika 2006, vol. 40, no. 4, 44-67
Cytology and Genetics , vol. , no. , , doi: https://www.doi.org/

Drosophila genes that encode LIM-domain containing proteins: their organization, functions and interactions

Gubenko I.S.

Diverse sets of developmental programs including cytoskeleton organization, cell lineage specification, muscle and neuron differentiation, limb and eye formation, imaginal disk development are controlled by LIM-homeobox genes encoding LIM-homeodomain (LIM-HD) transcription factors. LIM-domains are known as adaptors and functional modifiers of the protein-protein interactions and of the specific contacts between the members of functional complexes mediating activation of some constitutive proteins. Primary structure of LIM-HD proteins is remarkably evolutionary conserved in vertebrates and invertebrates. Though the genome size of Drosophila is about 5 % of the mammal genome the majority of its gene families and signaling pathways are similar to those of the mammals. There are some well known LIM-domain-containing proteins in Drosophila: Arrowhead, Apterous, Islet, dLim and Lim3 transcription factors; DLMO and Prickle proteins, as well as Chip, RLIM, Ssdp cofactors that modulate the LIM-HD function. Drosophila is a unique model system to analyze genetic interactions and transcription complexes in vivo. Genetic and molecular approaches including isolation of extragenic supressors of mutations in LIM-HD proteins may be used for identification of target genes which interact directly with LIM-HD proteins and that are necessary for specification of cell identity.


TSitologiya i Genetika
2006, vol. 40, no. 4, 44-67

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