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Induced cytomictic variations and syncyte formation during microsporogenesis in Phaseolus vulgaris L.

Kumar G., Chaudhary N.

 




The intercellular translocation of chromatin material along with other cytoplasmic contents among the proximate meiocytes lying in close contact with each other commonly referred as cytomixis was reported during microsporogenesis in Phaseolus vulgaris L., a member of the family Fabaceae. The phenomenon of cytomixis was observed at three administered doses of gamma rays viz.100, 200, 300 Gy respectively in the diploid plants of Phaseolus vulgaris L. The gamma rays irradiated plants showed the characteristic feature of inter-meiocyte chromatin/chromosomes trans-migration through various means such as channel formation, beak formation or by direct adhesion between the PMC’s (Pollen mother cells). The present study also reports the first instance of syncyte formation induced via cytomictic transmigration in Phaseolus vulgaris L. Though the frequency of syncyte formation was rather low yet these could play a significant role in plant evolution. It is speculated that syncyte enhances the ploidy level of plants by forming 2n gametes and may lead to the production of polyploid plants. The phenomenon of cytomixis shows a gradual inclination along with the increasing treatment doses of gamma rays. The preponderance of cytomixis was more frequent during meiosis I as compared to meiosis II. An interesting feature noticed during the present study was the channel formation among the microspores and fusion among the tetrads due to cell wall dissolution. The impact of this phenomenon is also visible on the development of post-meiotic products. The formation of heterosized pollen grains; a deviation from the normal pollen grains has also been reported. The production of gametes with unbalanced chromosomes is of utmost importance and should be given more attention in future studies as they possess the capability of inducing variations at the genomic level and can be further utilized in the improvement of germplasm.

Key words: cytomixis, gamma rays, microsporogenesis, syncyte, heterosized pollen grains, Phaseolus vulgaris L.

Tsitologiya i Genetika 2016, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 50-57

Plant Genetics Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Allahabad, India.

E-mail: nituchaudhary23 gmail.com

Kumar G., Chaudhary N. Induced cytomictic variations and syncyte formation during microsporogenesis in Phaseolus vulgaris L., Tsitol Genet., 2016, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 50-57.

In "Cytology and Genetics":
G. Kumar, N. Chaudhary Induced cytomictic variations and syncyte formation during microsporogenesis in Phaseolus vulgaris L., Cytol Genet., 2016, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 121-127
DOI: 10.3103/S0095452716020109


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