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Association of the ace I/D gene polymorphism with DNA damage in hypertensive men
SUMMARY. The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between the angiotensin-converting enzyme ACE I/D (rs4340) polymorphism and DNA damage in pati-ents with essential hypertension (EH). The I/D polymorphism of ACE was determined by polymerase chain reaction in 170 male hypertensive patients and 64 normotensive blood donors. We used flow cytometry to determine the levels of cell death, micronuclei and accumulation of peripheral blood leukocytes in G1/G0, S, G2/M phases of the cell cycle. Additionally, the whole blood samples were incubated in vitro at 4 ºC for 24 h to investigate the genotype effects on the susceptibility of cells to DNA damage. We found lower frequency of cells in DNA synthesis S phase and higher levels of micronuclei in the hypertensive compared to normotensive group (p<0.05); increased formation of
micronuclei was seen due to elevated micronuclei fre-quencies in patients with the ACE II genotype (p < 0.05), but not in ID or DD genotype carriers. Incubation of whole blood samples of normotensive individuals lead to the most active cell death (p < 0.05) and micronuclei formation (p > 0.05) in the II genotype carriers too. However, hypertensive patients displayed different cellular response to incubation-induced DNA damages in the ACE I/D genotype groups; after incubation, the frequencies of micronuclei were significantly higher in the DD genotype carriers (p < 0.05). To conclude, the study suggests that the ACE I/D polymorphism may contribute to mechanisms and intensity of DNA damages in hypertensive and normotensive individuals.
Tsitologiya i Genetika 2016, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 48-58
E-mail: e.pavlushchik yandex.by
Pavlyushchik O.O., Afonin V.Yu., Sarokina V.N., Chak T.A., Khapaliuk A.V., Anisovich M.V. Association of the ace I/D gene polymorphism with DNA damage in hypertensive men, Tsitol Genet., 2016, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 48-58.
In "Cytology and Genetics":
O. O. Pavlyushchik, V. Yu. Afonin, V. N. Sarokina, T. A. Chak, A. V. Khapaliuk, M. V. Anisovich Association of the ACE I/D gene polymorphism with DNA damage in hypertensive men, Cytol Genet., 2016, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 304–311