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Genetic diversity of Azotobacter strains isolated from soils by amplified ribosomal dna restriction analysis

Mazinani Z., Asgharzadeh A.

 




Strains of Azotobacter mediate in the nitrogen fixation process by reducing of N2 to ammonia. In this study, 50 strains were isolated from different rhizospheric soil in central Iran, by using soil paste-plate method. These strains were biochemically identified and characterized on differential LG medium based on morphological and physiological properties. Results obtained showed that identified strains were belonging to three species, namely A. chroococcum, A. vinelandii and A. beijernckii. In order to molecular analysis, the 16S rRNA gene was amplified using 27f and 1495r primers and PCR products were subsequently digested with RsaI, HpaII and HhaI. Cluster analysis based on amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis were revealed intraspecific polymorphism and differentiated strains into two mains clusters, clusters A and B. Cluster A strains were related to the A. vinelandii, whereas cluster B strains were related to the A. chroococcum and A. beijerinckii. The results show that amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis is a powerful and discriminatory tool for the identification of members of the genus Azotobacter.

Tsitologiya i Genetika 2014, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 26-35

  • Department of Biotechnology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
  • Department of Soil Biology, Soil and Water Researches Institute, Karaj, Iran

E-mail: z.mazinani srbiau.ac.ir

Mazinani Z., Asgharzadeh A. Genetic diversity of Azotobacter strains isolated from soils by amplified ribosomal dna restriction analysis, Tsitol Genet., 2014, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 26-35.




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