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Cytogenetic study of an interspecific hybrid Helianthus praecox x H. annuus, its parental forms and two backcrosses

Yushkina L.L., Nesterova E.V., Kirichenko V.V., Dolgova T.A., Popov V.N.

 


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Meiosis of wild species (H. praecox) and cultivated sunflower (H. annuus), their F1 interspecific hybrid as well as two backcross generations has been studied. A low level of chromosomal abnormalities in the parents was detected. Interspecific hybridization between the wild and cultivated samples has led to a considerable (50 %) increase of meiosis abnormalities in sunflower pollen mother cells. Backcrossing of hybrids by cultivated sunflower decreased the chromosomal abnormalities level to 12,8 % in BC1 and 9,6 % in BC2.Cytological stability of plants restored in BC2 only.

Tsitologiya i Genetika 2009, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 42-47



Yushkina L.L., Nesterova E.V., Kirichenko V.V., Dolgova T.A., Popov V.N. Cytogenetic study of an interspecific hybrid Helianthus praecox x H. annuus, its parental forms and two backcrosses, Tsitol Genet., 2009, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 42-47.




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