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Phylogenetic Relationships of Three Species of Crows (Corvidae, Aves) Based on the Restriction Site Variation of Nuclear Ribosomal RNA Gene

Chelomina G., Kryukov A., Suzuki H.

 




Southern blot analysis of nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) was carried out to examine phylogenetic relationships between three species of crows: Corvus cornix, C. corone and C. macrorhynchos. In this purpose DNA samples of birds were digested by 12 restriction enzymes (EcoRI, HindIII, PstI, BamHI, DraI, PvuII, KpnI, XbaI, BglII, BclI, SacI and AatI) and hybridized with the clones of mouse rDNA probes (18S, 28S and INT). Based on the data obtained and Gallus gallus restriction map as a standard the restriction site maps of the main rDNA repeating unit types (repetypes) were constructed. The length of crow rDNA genes was estimated to be 22.5 kb for Jungle and 22.0 kb for Hooded and Carrion crows. C. corone and C. cornix shared a common repetype which differed, by presence of two restriction sites (XbaI and PvuII) in the spacer region, from that of C. macrorhynchos with the estimated sequence divergence of 0.26 %. Restriction-size variation was revealed between individuals of C. corone and C. cornix, although the substantial meanings of this variation remain unclear yet. These data suggest that the crow species evolve with slower rate of molecular evolution, as generally observed in other avian species, compared with the higher extent in external morphology, ecological features and behavior.

Tsitologiya i Genetika 2001, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 52-57



Chelomina G., Kryukov A., Suzuki H. Phylogenetic Relationships of Three Species of Crows (Corvidae, Aves) Based on the Restriction Site Variation of Nuclear Ribosomal RNA Gene, Tsitol Genet., 2001, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 52-57.




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