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Genetic variability of somatic embryogenesis in tissue cultures of sugar beet breeding lines

Golovko A.

 




Genetic variability of callus initiation and plant regeneration has been investigated among three sugar beet genotypes. It was found that TDZ has a genotype-independent effect on callus initiation and is responsible for more than a two-fold increase in the friable callus induction rate and more than a three-fold increase in the shoot regeneration rate from this callus. Along with the genotype-independent organogenesis, regeneration from callus occasionally went through the process of somatic embryogenesis in a highly genotype-specific manner. Despite fast and uncontrollable conversion of embryos to normal plants, it was possible to select and maintain repetitive embryogenic culture without loosing regeneration and root formation capabilities. Extensive experimenting with medium composition and culture conditions resulted in an optimal medium for maintenance of repetitive embryos. Comparing with BAP, low concentrations of TDZ provide higher level of adventitious shoot formation and do not induce vitrification of tissues.

Tsitologiya i Genetika 2001, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 10-17



Golovko A. Genetic variability of somatic embryogenesis in tissue cultures of sugar beet breeding lines, Tsitol Genet., 2001, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 10-17.




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